water filteration plant

Water softening is a process of removing metals and minerals such as calcium, magnesium, and certain others found in hard water. The soft water needs lesser soap for the same clean up effort, as soap is not wasted sweeping up the calcium ions. Soft water also helps in enhancing the life of plumbing by eliminating the scale build-up in pipes and fittings. Water Softening Plant usually operates through ion-exchange resins or through the use of lime.

Kelvin Water Technologies has taken step for processing the hard water and making it usable. Hard water consists of excess quantity of calcium and magnesium which is highly dissolved in water but not suitable for drinking purpose. In fact, hard water may create many problems:

  • Decrease the water flow rate
  • Increased electricity cost while heating or boiling
  • Washing is not performed in better way
  • Leave white stain on the glass surface
  • Highly indigestive
  • Not suitable for skin

Due to the above problems, it is required to soften the water and so the softening water plants are established which plays big role in cleaning this.

Softening of water is processed through the ion exchange and precipitation methods. This process relies on removing mainly two minerals i.e., calcium and magnesium with the flow of sodium. In this process, two separate tanks are associated with a pipe. These two separate tanks denote the brine tank and mineral tank. Mineral tanks consist of raw water containing minerals where as brine consists of the sodium chloride and both tanks are connected with a tube or pipe. As the process started, surface of vessels contains the calcium and magnesium which is flushed through the flow of sodium (salt) which is perfect and powerful solution for the minerals.

Types

Basically for water filteration plant, four types of methods are used:

Reverse Osmosis (RO)

Reverse Osmosis is a high pressure, energy-effi cient means of de-watering process streams, concentration of low molecular weight compounds or clean-up of waste effl uents. Common applications include pre-concentration of dairy or food streams prior to evaporation, polishing of evaporator condensate, and purifi cation of process water. high pressure, energy-effi cient means of de-watering process streams, concentration of low molecular weight compounds or clean-up of waste effl uents. Common applications include pre-concentration of dairy or food streams prior to evaporation, polishing of evaporator condensate, and purifi cation of process water.

Nanofiltration (NF)

Nanofi ltration is a unique fi ltration process in-between UF and RO designed to achieve highly specifi c separation of low molecular weight compounds such as minerals and salts from complex process streams. Typical applications includ)- Reverse Osmosis is a high pressure, energy-effi cient means of de-watering process streams, concentration of low molecular weight compounds or clean-up of waste effl uents. Common applications include pre-concentration of dairy or food streams prior to evaporation, polishing of evaporator condensate, and purifi cation of process water. e de-ashing of dairy products, recovery of hydrolyzed proteins, concentration of sugars and purifi cation of soluble dyes and pigments.

Ultrafiltration (UF)

Ultrafiltration is a high pressure, energy-effi cient means of de-watering process streams, concentration of low molecular weight compounds or clean-up of waste effl uents. Common applications include pre-concentration of dairy or food streams prior to evaporation, polishing of evaporator condensate, and purifi cation of process water. elective separation step used to both concentrate and purify medium to high molecular weight components such as plant and dairy proteins, carbohydrates and enzymes. Common areas of application are whey protein concentration, gelatin de-ashing and concentration, and clarifi cation of fruit juices.

Microfiltration (MF)

Microfiltration is a high pressure, energy-effi cient means of de-watering process streams, concentration of low molecular weight compounds or clean-up of waste effl uents. Common applications include pre-concentration of dairy or food streams prior to evaporation, polishing of evaporator condensate, and purifi cation of process water. sure means of separating large molecular weight suspended or colloidal compounds from dissolved solids. Applications include cell harvesting from fermentation broths, fractionation of milk proteins, corn syrup clarifi cation and CIP chemical recovery

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